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Table 7 A sensitivity analysis using Mantel-Haenszel bounds for receiving an appropriate antibiotic for pneumonia or ORS for diarrhoea

From: Impact of an integrated community case management programme on uptake of appropriate diarrhoea and pneumonia treatments in Uganda: A propensity score matching and equity analysis study

Outcome Gamma (C) Q_mh+ Q_mh2 p_mh+ p_mh2
Antibiotic for pneumonia 1 7.231 7.231 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  2 4.344 10.442 < 0.0001 0.000
  3 2.754 12.501 0.003 0.000
  4 1.659 14.063 0.048 0.000
  5 0.822 15.343 0.205 0.000
ORS for diarrhoea 1 5.528 5.528 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  2 3.474 7.821 0.000 < 0.0001
  3 2.336 9.278 0.010 0.000
  4 1.552 10.380 0.060 0.000
  5 0.953 11.280 0.170 0.000
  1. Gamma: odds of differential assignment due to unobserved factors
  2. Q_mh+: Mantel-Haenszel statistic (assumption: overestimation of treatment effect)
  3. Q_mh2: Mantel-Haenszel statistic (assumption: underestimation of treatment effect)
  4. p_mh+: significance level (assumption: overestimation of treatment effect)
  5. p_mh2: significance level (assumption: underestimation of treatment effect)