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  1. Adolescent pregnancy in rural areas is a persistent health problem that has still not properly been understood. Studies with qualitative perspectives that address this phenomenon as a complex social process, w...

    Authors: Herlan Palacios-Perdomo and Naydú Acosta-Ramírez

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:232

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Increasing evidence indicates that the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic had immediate health and social impact, disproportionately affecting certain socioeconomic groups. Assessing inequalities in risk of e...

    Authors: Ana Gama, Joana Alves, Daniela Costa, Pedro A. Laires, Patrícia Soares, Ana Rita Pedro, Marta Moniz, Luísa Solinho, Carla Nunes and Sónia Dias

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:231

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Numerous reports have demonstrated the disproportionate impact that COVID-19 has had on vulnerable populations. Our purpose is to describe our health care system’s response to this impact.

    Authors: Paul A. Pirraglia, Cristina Huebner Torres, Jessica Collins, Jane Garb, Marian Kent, Sarah Perez McAdoo, Yemisi Oloruntola-Coates, Jacob M. Smith and Abraham Thomas

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:230

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  4. Equity of healthcare spatial access is essential for the health outcomes of medical investments and the welfare of populations, and efficiency of medical resource allocation is important for obtaining a supply...

    Authors: Shaoyao Zhang, Xueqian Song and Jie Zhou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:229

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Community mobilization (CM) is recommended as a best practice intervention for low resource settings to reduce maternal mortality. Measurement of process outcomes are lacking and little is known about how CM i...

    Authors: Dana Beck, Philip T. Veliz, Michelle Munro-Kramer, Carol Boyd, Isaac Sakala, Nchimunya Chiboola and Jody Lori

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:228

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Healthcare quality measurements in the United States illustrate disparities by racial/ethnic group, socio-economic class, and geographic location. Redressing healthcare inequities, including measurement of and...

    Authors: Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera, Shannon L. Pergament, Maiyia Y. Kasouaher, Andrew M. Pattock, Naima Dhore, Cindy N. Kaigama, Marcela Alison, Michael Scandrett, Mai See Thao and David J. Satin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:226

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Child malnutrition remains a major public health issue in India. Along with myriad upstream and social determinants of these adverse outcomes, recent studies have highlighted regional differences in mean child...

    Authors: Anoop Jain, Justin Rodgers, Rockli Kim and S. V. Subramanian

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:225

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Persisting evidence suggests significant socioeconomic and sociodemographic inequalities in access to medical treatment in the UK. Consequently, a systematic review was undertaken to examine these access inequ...

    Authors: Sebastian Ryan-Ndegwa, Reza Zamani and Mohammad Akrami

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:224

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  9. Inequitable access to primary health care (PHC) remains a problem for most western countries. Failure to scale up effective interventions has been due, in part, to a failure to share the logic and essential el...

    Authors: Catherine Spooner, Virginia Lewis, Cathie Scott, Simone Dahrouge, Jeannie Haggerty, Grant Russell, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Emilie Dionne, Nigel Stocks and Mark F. Harris

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:223

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Social mobilisation is potentially a key tool in the prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in fragile settings. This formative study addressed existing and potential social mobilisation mechanisms see...

    Authors: Lizzie Caperon, Stella Arakelyan, Cinzia Innocenti and Alastair Ager

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:222

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. COVID-19 has a direct impact on the employment of older people. This adds to the challenge of ageism. The World Health Organization has started a worldwide campaign to combat ageism and has called for more res...

    Authors: Sabrina Pit, Malcolm Fisk, Winona Freihaut, Fashola Akintunde, Bamidele Aloko, Britta Berge, Anne Burmeister, Adriana Ciacâru, Jürgen Deller, Rae Dulmage, Tae Hwa Han, Qiang Hao, Peter Honeyman, Peter C. Huber, Thomas Linner, Stefan Lundberg…

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:221

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  12. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians experience persistent health and social inequities. Chronic conditions, many of which are diet-related, are leading contributors to the burden of disease and h...

    Authors: Rebecca Christidis, Mark Lock, Troy Walker, Mikaela Egan and Jennifer Browne

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:220

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  13. It is broadly accepted that poverty is associated with poor health, and the health impact of poverty has been explored in numerous high-income country settings. There is a large and growing body of evidence of...

    Authors: Jane Parry, Meredith Vanstone, Michel Grignon and James R. Dunn

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:219

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of health, and SES data is an important confounder to control for in epidemiology and health services research. Individual level SES measures are cumberso...

    Authors: Daniel Yan Zheng Lim, Ting Hway Wong, Mengling Feng, Marcus Eng Hock Ong and Andrew Fu Wah Ho

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:218

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. The present study analyzes inequalities in catastrophic health expenditures in conflict-affected regions of Meta, Colombia and socioeconomic factors contributing to the existence and changes in catastrophic ex...

    Authors: Sebastián León-Giraldo, Juan Sebastián Cuervo-Sánchez, Germán Casas, Catalina González-Uribe, Noemi Kreif, Oscar Bernal and Rodrigo Moreno-Serra

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:217

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. The small-area deprivation indices are varied across countries due to different social context and data availability. Due to lack of chronic disease-related social deprivation index (SDI) in Hong Kong, China, ...

    Authors: Kailu Wang, Chi-Kin Law, Jiaying Zhao, Alvin Yik-Kiu Hui, Benjamin Hon-Kei Yip, Eng Kiong Yeoh and Roger Yat-Nork Chung

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:216

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Lack of control over life situations is an important social determinant that may negatively affect parental and child health. This study took place in an area of Stockholm, Sweden with high indications of soci...

    Authors: Madelene Barboza, Anneli Marttila, Bo Burström and Asli Kulane

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:215

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. COVID-19 has caused almost unprecedented change across health, education, the economy and social interaction. It is widely understood that the existing mechanisms which shape health inequalities have resulted ...

    Authors: Grant M. A. Wyper, Eilidh Fletcher, Ian Grant, Oliver Harding, Maria Teresa de Haro Moro, Diane L. Stockton and Gerry McCartney

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:214

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. The Australian Nurse Family Partnership Program (ANFPP) is an evidence-based, home visiting program that offers health education, guidance, social and emotional support to first-time mothers having Aboriginal ...

    Authors: Luciana Massi, Sophie Hickey, Sarah-Jade Maidment, Yvette Roe, Sue Kildea, Carmel Nelson and Sue Kruske

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:212

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. While organized and opportunistic cervical cancer screening (CCS) programs implemented across the European Union have increased participation rates, barriers to socioeconomically deprived women remain substant...

    Authors: Vincent De Prez, Vladimir Jolidon, Barbara Willems, Stéphane Cullati, Claudine Burton-Jeangros and Piet Bracke

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:211

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Health care workers in Kenya have launched major strikes in the public health sector in the past decade but the impact of strikes on health systems is under-explored. We conducted a qualitative study to invest...

    Authors: Michael L. Scanlon, Lauren Y. Maldonado, Justus E. Ikemeri, Anjellah Jumah, Getrude Anusu, Sheilah Chelagat, Joann Chebet Keter, Julia Songok, Laura J. Ruhl and Astrid Christoffersen-Deb

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:210

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Does higher health literacy lead to higher trust in public hospitals? Existing literature suggests that this is the case since a positive association between the level of health literacy and the level of trust...

    Authors: Maja Bertram, Urs Steiner Brandt, Rikke Klitten Hansen and Gert Tinggaard Svendsen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:209

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Cycling for transport provides many health and social benefits – including physical activity and independent access to jobs, education, social opportunities, health care and other services (accessibility). How...

    Authors: Christopher Standen, Melanie Crane, Stephen Greaves, Andrew T. Collins and Chris Rissel

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:208

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The importance of social and economic capital as predictors of health is widely documented, yet the complexity of interactions between them and effects on older people’s health is still unclear. Combining the ...

    Authors: Lijuan Gu, Yang Cheng, David R. Phillips, Mark Rosenberg, Linsheng Yang, Li Wang and Hairong Li

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:207

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Global persistence of health inequities for Indigenous peoples is evident in ongoing discrepancies in health and standards of living. International literature suggests the key to transformation lies in Indigen...

    Authors: Rachel Eni, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Grace Kyoon Achan, Josée G. Lavoie, Kathi Avery Kinew and Alan Katz

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:206

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Women are disadvantaged by ageing: older women are more likely than older men to suffer from ill-health, have less access to health care and suffer discrimination within the health care system. Globally, there...

    Authors: Rebecca Dodd, Janani Shanthosh, Thomas Lung, Aporosa Robaigau, Mai Ling Perman, Eric Rafai, Roslyn Poulos, Anthony B. Zwi, Renu John and Anna Palagyi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:205

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. People with disabilities (PwD) have been facing multiple health, social, and economic disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic, stemming from structural disparities experienced for long time. This paper aims t...

    Authors: Tiago S. Jesus, Sureshkumar Kamalakannan, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Yelena Bogdanova, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Jacob Bentley, Michel D. Landry and Christina Papadimitriou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:204

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. To address the challenge of the aging population, community-based care services (CBCS) have been developed rapidly in China as a new way of satisfying the needs of elderly people. Few studies have described th...

    Authors: Zhang Yue, Nan Xiang, Huwei Li and Erpeng Liu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:203

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Low socioeconomic status deemed by income-based measures is a risk factor for depression. Material hardship is commonly used as a multidimensional socioeconomic indicator to identify the struggles that low-inc...

    Authors: Soo Hyun Kang, Selin Kim, Eun-Cheol Park and Sung-In Jang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:202

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Parents in the Arab population of Israel are known to be “pro-vaccination” and vaccinate their children at higher rates than the Jewish population, specifically against human papilloma virus (HPV) and seasonal...

    Authors: Nour Abed Elhadi Shahbari, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Nadav Davidovitch, Shuli Brammli-Greenberg, Rami Grifat and Gustavo S. Mesch

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:201

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The evolving pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a severe threat to public health, and the workplace presents high risks in terms of spreading the disease. Few studies have focused on th...

    Authors: Kailu Wang, Eliza Lai Yi Wong, Kin Fai Ho, Annie Wai Ling Cheung, Emily Ying Yang Chan, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong and Eng Kiong Yeoh

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:200

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Gender-based discrimination remains a substantial barrier to health care access and HIV prevention among transgender women in Brazil. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between gender-bas...

    Authors: Beo Oliveira Leite, Danielle Souto de Medeiros, Laio Magno, Francisco Inácio Bastos, Carolina Coutinho, Ana Maria de Brito, Maria Socorro Cavalcante and Inês Dourado

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:199

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. In Korea, the universal health system offers coverage to all members of society. Despite this, it is unclear whether risk of death from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) varies depending on income. We evaluated t...

    Authors: Dong Jun Kim, Ji Won Yoo, Jong Wha Chang, Takashi Yamashita, Eun-Cheol Park, Kyu-Tae Han, Seung Ju Kim and Sun Jung Kim

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:151

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. The goal of this paper was to assess the quality of primary healthcare services at community health centres (CHCs) from the demand (patient) and supplier (healthcare service institution) angles.

    Authors: RuQing Liu, Leiyu Shi, YiFan Meng, Ning He, JingLan Wu, XinWen Yan and RuWei Hu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:198

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Most estimates of visual impairment and blindness worldwide do not include data from specific minority groups as indigenous populations. We aimed to evaluate frequencies and causes of visual impairment and bli...

    Authors: Arthur Gustavo Fernandes, Monica Alves, Roberta Andrade e Nascimento, Natalia Yumi Valdrighi, Rafael Cunha de Almeida and Celso Takashi Nakano

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:197

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Equity is one of three dimensions of universal health coverage (UHC). However, Iraq has had capital-focused health services and successive conflicts and political turmoil have hampered health services around t...

    Authors: Hiroko Taniguchi, Md Mizanur Rahman, Khin Thet Swe, Md Rashedul Islam, Md Shafiur Rahman, Nadia Parsell, Ashraf Hussain, Kenji Shibuya and Masahiro Hashizume

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:196

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. In India the number of registered deaths increased substantially in recent years, improving the potential of the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system to be the primary source of mortality data...

    Authors: Jayanta Kumar Basu and Tim Adair

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:195

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Maternal mortality (MM) reflects one of the most striking global health inequalities. Global figures of MM fell significantly from 1990 to 2017. The reduction was largely due to a 70% fall in haemorrhages, and...

    Authors: José M. Belizán, Luz Gibbons and Gabriela Cormick

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:194

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  39. Research indicates the adverse impacts of perceived discrimination on health, and discrimination inflamed by the COVID-19 pandemic, a type of social exclusion, could affect the well-being of the Chinese diaspo...

    Authors: Youli Chen, Zicong Wang, Weizhen Dong, Jia Huei Chen Xu, Sizhe Ji Wu, Xiangyang Zhang and Chun Chen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:192

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Few studies explored the relationship between the family doctor contract services (FDCS) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients with chronic diseases in rural China. This study aims to explo...

    Authors: Zhixian Li, Jie Li, Peipei Fu, Yan Chen, Zhengyue Jing, Yemin Yuan, Shijun Yang, Chen Yan, Wenjuan Li, Jie Li, Zhen Gui and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:191

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Active transportation is a crucial sort of physical activity for developing sustainable environments and provides essential health benefits. This is particularly important in Latin American countries because t...

    Authors: Gerson Ferrari, Juan Guzmán-Habinger, Javiera L. Chávez, André O. Werneck, Danilo R. Silva, Irina Kovalskys, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina G. Pareja, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Clemens Drenowatz, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta…

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:190

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. In the past few years, increasing numbers of Indigenous doula collectives have been forming across Canada. Indigenous doulas provide continuous, culturally appropriate support to Indigenous women during pregna...

    Authors: Jaime Cidro, Caroline Doenmez, Stephanie Sinclair, Alexandra Nychuk, Larissa Wodtke and Ashley Hayward

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:189

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Information on socioeconomic inequalities in physical activity over time is sparse in low- to middle-income countries. In this study, we examined trends in physical activity educational inequalities in adults ...

    Authors: Gerson Ferrari, Pedro Toteff Dulgheroff, Rafael M. Claro, Leandro F. M. Rezende and Catarina Machado Azeredo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:188

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Intersectionality is a widely adopted theoretical orientation in the field of women and gender studies. Intersectionality comes from the work of black feminist scholars and activists. Intersectionality argues ...

    Authors: Christine Kelly, Danielle Kasperavicius, Diane Duncan, Cole Etherington, Lora Giangregorio, Justin Presseau, Kathryn M. Sibley and Sharon Straus

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:187

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  45. Although evidence suggest that many slum dwellers in low- and middle-income countries have the most difficulty accessing family planning (FP) services, there are limited workable interventions/models for reach...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Leonard Baatiema, Paul Ayamah, Charlotte Abra Esime Ofori, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Abdul-Aziz Seidu and Augustine Ankomah

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:186

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  46. Socioeconomic inequalities in health behaviors have been attributed to both structural and individual factors, but untangling the complex, dynamic pathways through which these factors influence inequalities re...

    Authors: Andrea L. Mudd, Frank J. van Lenthe, Sanne E. Verra, Michèlle Bal and Carlijn B. M. Kamphuis

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:184

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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