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Table 4 Out-of-pocket payments for consultation fees, medications, and healthcare visita

From: Health service access and utilization among Syrian refugees in Jordan

   Survey total By facility typeb By sector
   Primary/secondary Hospital Pharmacy Public Private NGO/charity
   Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI Point 95 CI
Among all care seekers n = 1043 n = 573 n = 336 n = 131 n = 537 n = 403 n = 102
 Total costs Median 4.2   7.1   0   4.2   0   29.6   0  
Mean 39.9 [30.3,49.4] 30.4 [22.8,37.9] 67.3 [43.6,91.1] 11.4 [7.7,15.1] 18.0 [9.5,26.5] 75.6 [53.7,97.5] 14.0 [4.8,23.1]
 Consultation costs Median 0   0   0   0   0   14.1   0  
Mean 25.6 [17.2,34.1] 16.9 [10.8,23.0] 50.2 [28.7,71.7] 1.5 [0.6,2.3] 11.0 [3.7,18.2] 50.5 [30.7,70.4] 4.8 [0,11.7]
 Medication costs Median 0   0   0   4.2   0   14.1   0  
Mean 14.2 [12.3,16.2] 13.5 [11.2,15.7] 17.2 [13.0,21.3] 9.9 [6.5,13.3] 7.0 [5.1,9.0] 25.1 [21.4,28.8] 9.2 [4.3,14.1]
Among care seekers with any payment n = 1039 n = 314 n = 151 n = 74 n = 145 n = 360 n = 35
 Total costs Median 31   35.2   49.3   14.1   28.2   35.2   22.6  
Mean 77.0 [59.3,94.7] 55.4 [43.0,67.8] 149.8 [101.0,198.6] 20.1 [14.9,25.4] 66.7 [39.1,94.3] 84.7 [60.2,109.1] 40.7 [17.4,63.9]
 Consultation costs Median 9.9   14.1   14.1   0   0   14.1   0  
Mean 49.5 [33.5,65.6] 30.8 [20.2,41.5] 111.6 [66.4,156.8] 2.6 [1.1,4.0] 40.6 [15.8,65.5] 56.6 [34.3,78.9] 13.9 [0,33.7]
 Medication costs Median 16.9   14.1   28.2   14.1   14.1   16.9   21.1  
Mean 27.5 [24.3,30.6] 24.6 [21.4,27.7] 38.2 [30.2,46.2] 17.5 [12.7,22.4] 26.1 [20.7,31.4] 28.1 [24.2,32.0] 26.8 [16.1,37.6]
Among households paying for consultation n = 368 n = 257 n = 93 n = 17 n = 60 n = 291 n = 17
 Consultation costs Median 21.1   14.1   42.3   7.1   42.3   21.1   5.6  
Mean 72.7 [49.6,95.8] 37.7 [24.9,50.4] 181.2 [111.4,251.1] 11.2 [6.9,15.5] 98.2 [44.7,151.7] 70.0 [43.1,97.0] 28.5 [0,68.4]
Among households paying for medications n = 473 n = 272 n = 130 n = n = 70 n = 125 n = 316 n = 32
 Medication costs Median 21.1   21.1   28.2   14.1   21.1   21.1   21.1  
Mean 31.3 [28.0,34.7] 28.4 [24.9,31.8] 44.4 [36.0,52.7] 18.6 [13.6,23.6] 30.2 [24.3,36.2] 32.0 [27.9,36.1] 29.3 [18.2,40.5]
  1. aAll costs presented in USD; bold italic indicates statistically significant (p < 0.05) findings
  2. bPrivate providers are included under primary/secondary and shops reported with pharmacies